HIV resistant people and new  possibilities to treatment

Even when HIV patients are properly treated, a virus reservoir always persists in their cells, which means that they must always be considered as chronic patients. However, four patients have been discovered, referred to as  “the Berlin patient”, the Mississippi baby” and two “Boston patients”, in whom these HIV reservoirs have completely disappeared after stopping antiretroviral therapy (Nature Biotechnology 32; 315-316, 2014). These facts are encouraging attempts to investigate why this has happened in these patients, to see if this shines a light on new possibilities for the treatment of AIDS patients.