The incidence of HIV infection fell between 1990 and 2013. In 1990, around two million people were infected; in 1997, 2.8 million; and in 2013, 1.8 million. Mortality rates have also fallen: around 300,000 people in 1990; 1.7 million in 2005 and 1.3 million in 2013 (JAMA 314; 1552, 2015). Nevertheless, UK HIV infection figures are evidently still high and must be reduced. An example is the UK where access to antiretroviral treatment has improved significantly over the past decade. In 2014, 91% of people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral treatment. However, late diagnosis of HIV remains a key challenge in this country, despite declining rates. – See more