Experts have warned in the 46th edition of the spanish journal EIDON of an upturn in sexually transmitted diseases, as a result of the social and cultural changes derailing the efforts and decline achieved after the “hardest” years of the HIV epidemic. According to the latest World Health Organization (WHO) report published in August 2016,
- 131 million people contract chlamydia each year,
- 78 million gonorrheas and
- 5.6 million, syphilis.
In total, 357 million new cases are caused annually by one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted pathogens. It is also estimated that there are more than 500 million people with genital herpes simplex virus (HSV), and more than 290 million women are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV). In some cases, these diseases can have serious negative consequences for reproductive health, such as infertility or mother-to-child transmission. Specifically, according to the WHO, in the last year, over 900,000 pregnant women were infected with syphilis, which due to mother-to-child transmission can result in 350,000 fetuses with different degrees of impairment, including stillbirths. Furthermore, resistance to antimicrobials is a threat to controlling these diseases worldwide. The causes of the growth of STDs are complex and rooted in social and cultural changes, among them the loss of fear of contracting a disease considered as fatal, such as HIV. “Its solution ranges from improving sex education and culture from early stages in the education of individuals, o improving rapid detection systems, to easy access to counselling and health care of the entire population without discrimination as to whether or not they belong to a healthcare system” (See HERE).