A report published by the World Health Organization – WHO dated in September gives a worldwide overview of suicide “epidemic”.  This report summarizes in five points:

  • Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year.
  • For every suicide, there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. A prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population.
  • Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year-olds.
  • 79% of global suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Ingestion of pesticide, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide globally.

It is a relevant bioethical issue we had treated in different articles (see HERE).  One of them titled Suicide rates increased in almost every U.S. state. A new paradigm shift is needed focuses on recent American official data.  It concluded that despite innovative approaches in both psychiatric treatments and suicide prevention, some important shortcomings seem to have a role in impairing effective progress in reducing deaths by suicide. A paradigm shift is needed that should focus on the assessment of suicide risk on the centrality of the mental pain in suicidal individuals.

Suicide rates among adolescents

It is a relevant bioethical issue we had treated in different articles (see HERE).  One of them titled Suicide rates increased in almost every U.S. state. A new paradigm shift is needed focuses on recent American official data.  It concluded that despite innovative approaches in both psychiatric treatments and suicide prevention, some important shortcomings seem to have a role in impairing effective progress in reducing deaths by suicide. A paradigm shift is needed that should focus on the assessment of suicide risk on the centrality of the mental pain in suicidal individuals.

 The last WHO report (2 September 2019) on the issue, cited above, concluded “that the suicide mortality rate is an indicator of target 3.4 of the Sustainable Development Goals: by 2030, to reduce by one-third premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and well-being” (read entire WHO report).