Freezing embryos and FIV: an ethical approach

Added ethical difficulty, the damage inflicted on the embryo, which will be subjected to various freezing/thawing processes, resulting in many of them having to be discarded in the proces…. Introduction In its July 2014 edition, the journal Fertility and Sterility published...

Surrogate motherhood stirs deep controversy for both medical and ethical reasons

Results of a survey using data from clinics authorised in the UK  Surrogate motherhood can be genetic (using sperm from the contracting father or oocytes – eggs – from the contracting mother) or gestational, which refers to the implantation in the surrogate mother of...

Proposition for the legalisation of altruistic surrogacy has been rejected by the European council

Proposition for the legalisation of altruistic surrogacy has been rejected by the European council On 10th March, the non-governmental association “No Maternity Traffic” presented an official petition, signed by 107,957 European citizens, to the President of the...

Data on assisted reproduction in Europe do not agree with those given in the brochures of assisted reproduction clinics

The reality of IVF success rate  The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) has published a new report, the latest, on the outcomes of assisted reproduction in Europe, corresponding to the year 2011. It includes data from 33 countries, two more than in...

In vitro fertilisation cause increased medical risks in children

A frequently asked question in social media is whether children born through in vitro fertilisation have a higher risk of suffering medical problems than those conceived naturally. A major systematic review that included 38 studies (Fertility and Sterility 13; 707-719, 2015) has...

Infertility. Number of women attending assisted reproduction clinics increased

The number of women aged between 15 and 44 years old who attend infertility clinics varied from 9% in 1982 to 15% in 1995; in 2002 it fell to 12%, and remained at this level over the period 2006-2010. Although the percentage of women attending these clinics has increased during...

Who decides what to do when a foetal abnormality is diagnosed; surrogate mother or contracting parents?

The “professional model” defends the right of the surrogate mother to decide whether or not she wishes to have an abortion As we know, surrogacy consists in initiating a pregnancy in a woman other than the biological mother, with the intention that, when the child is born, he or...

IVF clinic success rates. Live birth rates are much lower than those claimed in their advertising brochures.

An important medical and ethical issue is to determine the efficacy of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) following one or several fertilisation cycles. In other words, the likelihood of a woman giving birth to a live child after three or more fertilisation cycles in a IVF clinic, i.e....

Male infertility. Can the new technique resolve it without ethical problems?

Male infertility is often the cause of sterility in a couple. In these circumstances, it may be due to poor sperm maturation. There is now a chance to overcome this defect, using a technique called round spermatid injection or ROSI. The outcomes of its use have now been described...

Surrogate mother defied contracting parents by refusing to abort one of the triplets she is expecting

A Californian woman, Brittney Rose Torres, a surrogate mother pregnant with triplets, has received a request from the contracting parents to abort one of the foetuses because they do not want three babies. While the likelihood of triplets was not impossible, it did not enter into...