Sex and gender. New findings, new controversy

‘Patients who had undergone sex reassignment surgery at his hospital, stated that the problems presented by patients before the surgery had not been resolved, at either human relationship, work or emotional level.’ Introduction Sex and gender. Dr. Lawrence S. Mayer,...

Australian assisted reproduction clinics accused of misleading patients

This is a topic that we have addressed in depth in our Observatory [see HERE], (especially on the European and American data and the content of the brochures of most clinics), having drawn attention to how many Spanish assisted reproduction clinics claim birth rates of close to...

Male or Female – A cultural construct? Our medical and ethical assessment. VIDEO.

Expert professionals, in transsexuality and sexual identity, present this video for help to understand this difficult matter, but before proceeding any further, it is necessary to introduce the precise terminology, to define the meaning of sex, gender and transsexuality. SEX is...

The situation of the clinical use of stem cells

In January 2017, an article was published in JAMA (The Promise of Palliative Care – Translating Clinical Trials to Clinical Care) which, in our opinion, summarises the situation of the clinical use of stem cells extremely well. It begins by referring to the possible sources...

Genetic engineering of human embryos to treat diseases. An unprejudiced reflection

In the last five years, many laboratories worldwide have employed the genetic engineering technique known as CRISPR/Cas9, in the hope that it might one day be used to treat human diseases. Things seem to have accelerated in the last few days though, after the authorisation in the...

Human “Enhancement” extends its field to the genital area

Enhancement is defined as the improvement of bodily functions, appearance or behaviour using genetic or biomedical techniques. The point to which “enhancement” can be implemented raises a major bioethical debate.  Now, the field of “enhancement” has been...

Capital punishment. Should have a doctor present?

Capital punishment ia a subject with major ethical undertones, widely debated in the United States, is to determine whether or not a physician or experienced medical personnel should be present at executions by lethal injection of persons condemned to capital punishment. This...

Terminally ill patients. Is it ethical to withdraw food and water?

Advance directives have raised these long-standing issues again, such as withholding or withdrawing nutrition and hydration in terminally ill patients. This matter has been the object of lawsuits, debates and analysis, such as the one published by the Hastings Center last June...

Has the morning after pill mechanism only an anticonceptive effect

Why is the morning after pill mechanism often silenced? Teenage pregnancy is a significant public health issue.(1) Worldwide, some 15 million pregnancies occur every year among young women aged 15 to 19,(2) approximately 1.25 million in the 28 OECD (Organization for Economic...

Face transplant in an American firefighter. Ethical assessment and a brief historical review

By far the most extensive performed successfully Patrick Hardison is a 41-year-old former American firefighter who suffered facial burns while trying to save the life of a woman in a fire. The burns resulted in severe facial disfigurement, causing him major problems with vision,...