Queer theory : An anthropological revolution

Introduction The “bearded lady” has just won the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest. The person concerned is a fictional character called Conchita Wurst who is, to all appearances, female; in fact, the artist imitates a women in dress and aesthetics, but confuses us by keeping a beard....

Controversy over evolution. Natural selection an incomplete reading of evolutionary biology

Thomas Nagel calls into question the pertinence of materialist naturalism. The controversy has been echoed even in the mainstream media, such as The New York Times and The Weekly Standard. With the publication of his “Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception...

Capital punishment. Should have a doctor present?

Capital punishment ia a subject with major ethical undertones, widely debated in the United States, is to determine whether or not a physician or experienced medical personnel should be present at executions by lethal injection of persons condemned to capital punishment. This...

Euthanasia and assisted suicide. Attitudes and practice in countries where they have been legalised

 The ethical and legal aspects of euthanasia and assisted suicide continue to be the subject of active controversy. Some countries have recently legalised these practices, while others are in the process of doing so. It therefore seems of interest to review this topic, which has...

Organoids. Mini-kidneys produced with iPS cells

Regenerating or producing a kidney is very complex — if not impossible right now — since more than 20 different types of cells need to be produced. However, the production of organoids mini kidneys (mini-organs) could be a preliminary step towards generating functioning kidneys....

Withdrawing life support in patients in permament vegetative state. Is it ethical?

One major ethical issue is to determine whether artificial nutrition and hydration should be withdrawn from patients in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS). In a study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics (41; 157-160, 2015), 51 families of...

Regenerative medicine. A review of current findings from an ethical perspective

The field of action of regenerative medicine (RM) is growing daily. Indeed, we only have to look at the economic figures that it moves, with an estimated market value for 2020 of 61,000 million Euros. However, RM also has important ethical components, not only related with the...

Public funds authorised for production of human-animal chimeras

In September 2005, the dedication of public financial aid by the National Health Institutes for experiments on transferring human stem cells to animal embryos to produce chimeras was banned. However, on 4 August this year, this ban was lifted for certain experiments, and it was...

Rules for regulating genome editing – particularly gene drive

The dynamic field of research into gene editing provides an opportunity to rewrite the rules of science, says Kevin Esvelt. The emergence of gene-drive systems — which spread engineered mutations quickly through populations — means that a single released organism could eventually...

World’s first face transplant recipient dies. Time to reconsider the ethics of this practice

It seems that in the light of what happened to Isabelle Dinoire, it might be time to reconsider the ethical aspects of facial transplantation. According to French newspaper Le Figaro (06/09/2016), Isabelle Dinoire, the Frenchwoman who underwent the world’s first face...