Anti retroviral treatments. Advantages of starting them as soon as possible

Initiating anti retroviral treatments as soon as an individual has been identified as HIV-positive is better than doing so at a later stage. In this respect, the risk of developing AIDS was reduced by 53% in a group of people who commenced anti-retroviral treatment early on....

Underage marriage girls legalized in Iraq

Underage marriage is legalized by the first time. The government of Baghdad has presented a bill on the family in their parliament is among other things legalizing the marriage of girls of any age, and who can even divorce at 9-years-old to marry another spouse. From a religious...

Governments ban gay men blood donation with nuances

Restrictions in different countries European law The European Court of Justice ruled that EU governments may ban gay men from ever donating blood, but only under strict conditions. United States The ruling was closely watched by activists and by governments that have lifetime...

Mitochondrial surprises

The hereditary diseases that scientists are attempting to sidestep can remain According to the endosymbiotic hypothesis, around 1500 million years ago, the mitochrondrion was a bacterium or prokaryotic cell phagocytosed by another to which it provided energy in the form of ATP;...

World birth rate. Highest in Africa and lowest in Germany and Japan

The current birth rate in Germany means that it is the country with fewest births, even lower than Japan. Germany has a birth rate of 8.2 per 1,000 inhabitants, despite Government efforts to support childcare in Germany. Japan, Portugal and Italy have rates of 8.4,  9.0 and 9.3,...

Male fertility also falls with age

What about male fertility? It is widely accepted that the likelihood of becoming a mother decreases with age in women. However, there are few studies on male fertility. This has now been evaluated however, and has shown that, like in women, the possibility of becoming a father...

Surrogate motherhood. A comprehensive report from european bishops

An extensive surrogacy report has been published by COMECE (Commission of the Bishops’ Conferences of the European Community) entitled SURROGACY and HUMAN DIGNITY (February 2015), which concludes that “all forms of gestational surrogacy represent a violent assault on...

Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant successfully applied in a child with cerebral palsy

The boy had developed cerebral palsy following a cardiac arrest. When he was a normally developed two-and-a-half-year-old, he suffered global cerebral anoxia that led to a vegetative state. Nine weeks later, he received a transfusion of stem cells from his own umbilical cord...

Extremely premature babies. Evaluation of their survival

The survival outcomes of extremely premature babies varies greatly between different hospitals, possibly due to the different medical treatment that they receive. In relation to this, an article has just been published (New England  Journal of Medicine 372, 1801-1811, 2015) which...

Palliative care in Great Britain. A report shows lights and shadows

Palliative care is well established in the United Kingdom, where its practice began in 1967 by Cicely Saunders in St. Christopher’s Hospital.  However, despite its intrinsic goodness, a report on April this year highlighted several limitations in its use, namely that: it...