Only HPV infection is responsible for 530,000 cases annually and 264,000 deaths
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are hidden epidemics of tremendous health and economic consequence. They are hidden from public view because many peoples are reluctant to address sexual health issues in an open way and because of the biological and social factors associated with these diseases. In addition, the scope, impact, and consequences of STDs are underrecognized by the public and health care professionals.
An estimated 357 million new cases of four types of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in adults (chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis) are recorded worldwide every year. Among those of viral origin, 417 million are diagnosed with genital herpes and 291 million women are diagnosed with HPV (human papilloma virus). If only cervical cancer is taken into account, HPV infection is responsible for 530,000 cases annually and 264,000 deaths, to which must be added 350,000 deaths per year due to neonatal syphilis. The main groups at risk of contracting STDs are young people aged between 15-24 years and homosexual males. Accordingly, “the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) estimates that one in every four adolescents will be infected before they finish their secondary education” (See more HERE).