The Chinese National Bureau of Statistics has recently reported 10.62 million births during 2021, 1.4 million less than in 2020. A new unprecedented minimum since 1950, despite the efforts of the authorities to increase the birth rate.
In an attempt to prevent population aging and the problems associated with it, new measures have been implemented to reverse the demographic crisis, such as: lowering the cost of education, expanding the paternity leave, establishing economic aid.
Even measures to reduce the number of abortions, prohibiting those that are not performed for medical reasons.
Despite this being hopeful news, since until a few years ago China was forced to pay a high fine for having a second child and even forced abortion to those women who could not pay it, it seems to us that the setback of the anti-natalist policies implemented in China for years, make it very difficult to reverse a situation that threatens not only the country’s prosperity but the construction of its social fabric, with fragmented family structures, devoted to the productive scheme, instructed in contempt for the value of fertility and with a normalization abortion, turned into another contraceptive method.
The current proposals for incentives of an economic or social nature are held back by structures in which the family has been profoundly weakened for decades. The inertia of the current Chinese social model makes it difficult to reverse this situation of demographic risk.