A new issue of bioethical debate raised about how to prescribe extreme sex offenders to avoid new crimes when they are released.
At least eight States allow chemical castration. Now Alabama joins these states. and some sex offenders could be chemically castrated before being released on parole, under a bill approved by state lawmakers last week and Gov. Kay Ive signed into law.

Sex offenders castration appears to be reversible and without serious side effects

We cite an article published yesterday which states that, Chemical castration involves taking medication that blocks testosterone production in order to decrease the person’s sex drive. Generally, it is reversible the testosterone-blocking drugs wear off after a while if people stop the treatments. At least eight States allow the procedure — including California, Florida and Texas— but it is unclear how often it is used.

The Alabama bill, sponsored by Republican Rep. Steve Hurst, would require sex offenders whose crimes involved children younger than 13 to receive the medication before being released from prison on parole. They would then be required to continue the medication until a judge decided they could stop. “If it will help one or two children, and decrease that urge to the point that person does not harm that child, it’s worth it,” Hurst said during debate on the bill in the House of Representatives.

Permanent surgical castration was changed to a less extreme procedure, chemical castration.

Hurst began pushing the legislation more than a decade ago after hearing the story of an infant who was sexually abused by the baby’s father. Early versions of the bill, which did not pass, would have mandated permanent surgical castration. During the debate, Hurst acknowledged the measure was not a cure-all since it may not work for everyone and offenders could find other ways to molest children.
Some legal groups have questioned the legality of forced medication. “We certainly think that it raises constitutional concerns,” Randall Marshall, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Alabama, wrote in an email. The bill would require parolees to pay for the medication themselves, although fees could be waived for those who couldn’t afford it (Time, June 11, 2019).