In an article we published a year ago, Dr. Justo Aznar analyzed the initiative of fertility clinics in the United Kingdom that called for the use of cryopreserved sperm in clinics and sperm banks, from deceased people, for reproductive purposes. This initiative responded to a great shortage of sperm in that country because it is one of the countries in which anonymous donation is prohibited. The article concluded with a bioethical assessment that we could synthesize into a question: Is it ethical to deliberately create a child who is going to be an orphan from birth? read HERE
BBC don’t consider a relevant aspect of “Creating life after Death”; deliberately create a child orphan from birth
Last March, the BBC World Service released a video of the Heart and Soul series called “Creating life after death” that went viral, which cites a particular case of a girl conceived with the sperm of her father already deceased. The video emphasizes the emotional aspects, without excluding some ethical opinions.
On July 5, the BioNews website (read HERE) published a review of the podcast “Creating life after death” focusing the debate on this technique on a case that has occurred in Israel and offers the opinion of bioethicists, anthropologists and rabbis in favor of generalizing this practice. The argument they propose is based on the particular demographic conditions of that country and the need to follow the precept of the Bible “go forth and multiply.”
In this sense, the aforementioned article quotes Irit Resemblum, the pioneering lawyer who developed the concept of biological will which “has enabled the births of hundreds of children through posthumous reproduction.”
In the same line of thought, Vardit Ravitsky, professor at the University of Montreal and President of the International Association of Bioethics, published an article in OMEGA – Journal of Death and Dying entitled “Soldiers’ Preferences Regarding Sperm Preservation, Posthumous Reproduction, and Attributes of a Potential “Posthumous Mother”, affirming that “In Israel having children is a” national imperative “which has conditioned the orientation of family planning in this country […].” She goes on to say that prior informed consent from the deceased would not be necessary, given that the country accepts the reproductive use of these sperm or any other donation of gametes, considering that there would be a presumed consent of the deceased.
Have children knowing he will be an orphan from birth
Contrary to this position is that of Elan Neuman also Israeli, who argues that having a father is not the same as knowing his biological origin, being a father is much more than transmitting a genetic inheritance (read HERE).
Posthumous reproduction or planning the gestation of an orphan child. Bioethical assessment
When procreating a child is disconnected from their upbringing and care a lack is deliberately introduced into the child’s environment engendered, which may constitute an attack on their dignity and rights.
It is not the same that a child is deprived of the accompaniment of his father or mother because they die for any reason after his birth, where the lack is supervening and inevitable, that he is deliberately deprived, in a previously planned way, of having the figure of the father, as in the case at hand, because he previously died. The desire of the father before death or that of the mother should not take precedence over the child’s right to be raised and educated by her parents, which constitutes the most favorable environment for their integral development.
As happens on many other occasions, such as the generation of designer babies, the selection of embryos according to the parents’ preference through preimplantation genetic diagnosis, or the selection of gamete donors in the case of assisted reproduction techniques in order to satisfy the preferences of the adoptive parents, the dignity and rights of the child are subjected to the preferences of the parents, violating their right to be who they are, as a unique and unrepeatable individual, not designed, programmed or selected, but loved for being himself, with his strengths and weaknesses.
Life should always be a gift, somehow unpredictable, not subject to any design, and worthy of all the necessary care, in any circumstance, by the privileged environment where every human being should be engendered: his own family.
Photo Creator: Photo Illustration by Kelly Caminero/The Daily